Table of Contents

Introduction – 6

1          Historical Background – 9

  1. Who are Church Leaders?
  2. The Elders of Israel
  3. Leaders of the New Testament Church
  4. After the Apostles
  5. 1 Clement
  6. The Shepherd of Hermas
  7. Didache
  8. Ignatius
  9. Polycarp

2          The Pattern for Church Organization – 22

  1. Apostolic Model
  2. Departing From the Model
  3. Terms Used for Elders in the New Testament
  4. James and the Jerusalem Church

3          Context and Purpose of the Texts – 29

  1. Historical Context
  2. Chronological Summary
  3. The Elders and Sound Doctrine

4          Elder Qualifications 1 – 41

  1. The Texts
  2. The Six Qualifications
    First Qualification: Character
    1) Self-control
    2) Discipline
    3) Temperate
    4) Not quick tempered
    5) Not violent
    6) Upright

    7) Holy
    8) Loves what is good
    9) Greed and the love of money
    10) Drunkenness
    11) Example

5          Elder Qualifications 2 – 52

Second Qualification: Leadership
1) Not lording it over

2) Not overbearing

3) Gentle

4) Not quarrelsome

Third Qualification: Family

1) The husband of but one wife

2) A man whose children believe

3) Children who are not wild and disobedient

4) He must manage his own family well

5) His children obey him with proper respect

Fourth Qualification: Reputation

1) Blameless

2) Above reproach

3) Respectable

Fifth Qualification: Service

1) Willing and eager to serve

2) Entrusted with God’s work

3) Hospitable

4) Able to teach

Sixth Qualification: Faith

    6          Men and Not Women – 64

    1. The Principle of Male Leadership
    2. Exceptions to the Principle
    3. The Assembled Church
    4. Assembly Teaching and Prayer
      1) Role distinctions
      2) Problems over the roles of men and women
      3) Salvation and women’s role
    5. Objections to the Limitations on Women’s Role
      1) 1 Timothy 2 must be interpreted in view of Galatians 3:28
      2) The prohibition is limited in scope
      3) Not in a domineering way
      4) Not intended to limit the role of women
      5) A cultural condition that does not exist today
    6. Silence in the Assembly
    7. Conclusion

    7          Christ and Culture – 79

    1. The Influence of Culture
    2. Head Coverings
      1) The principle of distinction between male and female
      2) The principle of subordination
      3) The practice of the churches
    3. What Does Paul Want Women to Wear on Their Heads?
    4. Conclusion

    8          The Authority of Elders – 88

    1. Authority in the Kingdom
    2. Why Some Elders Lord it Over the Church
      1) Ignorance of the Bible
      2) Ignorance of the flock
      3) Fear of losing control
      4) Fear of false teaching
      5) Failure to appreciate the ministry of others
    3. Words not Used for Elders or Their Authority
    4. The Authority of Ministry
    5. The Body of Elders
    6. Authority as Representatives of the People

    9          Elders and the Anointing of Oil – 98

    1. Introduction to the Text
    2. Miraculous and Symbolic
    3. Prayer and Oil
    4. Prayer and Medicine
    5. An Idiomatic Expression
    6. Anointing Oil and Washing Feet
    7. Elders and Prayer

    10        The Work of Elders – 108

    1. Introduction
    2. Leadership
    3. Church Growth
    4. Assigning Responsibilities
    5. Elders Meetings
    6. Business Meetings
      1) A substitute for leadership
      2) The men’s business meeting
      3) The importance of planning
    7. An Open Manner
    8. Conflicts Among Elders
    9. Deacons Without Elders

    11        How to Select Elders – 118

    1. Getting Started
    2. The Procedural Committee
    3. The Elder Selection Committee
    4. Elder Selection Committee Meetings

    12        How to Select Deacons – 127

    1. Deacons are Special Servants
    2. The Qualifications of Deacons
    3. The Example of Leadership
      1) Families
      2) Self-control
      3) Theology
      4) Church attendance
      5) Unity
    4. The Selection of Deacons
    5. Leadership Decisions

    13        Preachers as Elders – 137

    1. Introduction
    2. Restoring the Pattern
    3. The Church in Ephesus
    4. Jerusalem and Ephesus
    5. House Churches
    6. The Journey to Miletus
    7. Preachers and Pastors
    8. Conclusion

    14        Preachers and Elders – 287

    1. Selecting a Preacher
    2. Church Identity
    3. Common Sense Procedures
    4. Researching the Candidate
    5. Paying Preachers and Elders
    6. Promoting Long-Term Ministry
    7. Changing Preachers
    8. Why Churches Change Preachers
      1) The preacher has failed in his life
      2) The preacher has failed in his ministry
      3) The church has failed to be supportive
      4) The church has failed to honor ministry
      5) The church is never pleased
      6) The church has unrealistic expectations
    9. Leadership Decisions

    15        Restoring the Pattern – 168

    1. Pattern Concepts
    2. The Law of Silence
    3. Restoration Concepts
    4. Restoration Perspectives
    5. Conclusion

    Works Cited – 178

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